聖ヨハネ会St. John's Congregation

福音史家聖ヨハネ布教修道会The Missionary Sisters of St. John the Evangelist

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戸塚文卿師Fr. Bunkei Totsuka
ギカ師Monsignor Vladimir Ghika
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戸塚文卿師

FATHER BUNKEI TOTSUKA

  • 誕生
    誕生
    1892年(明治25年)戸塚文卿は横須賀で海軍軍医総監を父に10人兄弟の長男として誕生。
  • ロンドンで
    ロンドンで
    ロンドンで転向の時(1921ごろ)
  • パリで
    パリで
    パリで神学の勉強時代(1922)
  • 帰国した後
    帰国した後
    1925年(大正14年)帰国すると直ちに品川に「聖ヨハネ汎愛医院」を開き、医師としてまた司祭としての活動を始めました。
  • 「海上寮」
    「海上寮」
    1929年 結核回復期の青年たちのために「ナザレト・ハウス」を開院しました。1931年 それを千葉県の九十九里浜に移転させ、「海上寮」として結核療養所を徐々に拡張して、充実させていきました。
  • 様々な活動
    様々な活動

    医療活動の他にも数々の翻訳や聖人伝の執筆など文筆活動にも力を注ぎ、雑誌「カトリック」の主幹「カトリック新聞」主筆も務めました。

  • ウラジミール・ギカ師と一緒
    ウラジミール・ギカ師と一緒
    1933年 フランス留学中に知り合ったウラジミール・ギカ師とレオ・ウォード師が来日し、旧交を温めました。
  • この建物(一階左側)で息をひきとられた(旧看護宿舎)
    この建物(一階左側)で息をひきとられた(旧看護宿舎)
    1939(昭和14年)桜町病院の建設中、その完成を見ずに47歳の若さで天に召されました。
  • BIRTH
    BIRTH
    Born in 1892 (Meiji 25) at the Yokosuka base, elderest of 10 children to a Surgeon General of the Imperial Navy.
  • IN LONDON
    IN LONDON
    In London at the time of his conversion (around1921).
  • IN PARIS
    IN PARIS
    In Paris when studying Theology(1922).
  • FOLLOWING HIS RETURN TO JAPAN
    FOLLOWING HIS RETURN TO JAPAN
    1925 (Taisho 14) Upon his return to Japan he immediately opened the St. John's Bon'ai Clinic in Shinagawa and commenced activities as a doctor and priest.
  • 「KAIJORYO」
    「KAIJORYO」
    1929 He opened Nazareth House, a tuberculosis sanatorium for youth. In 1931 he moved the sanatorium to Kujukurihama in Chiba prefecture and expanded his work at [KAIJORYO].
  • VARIOUS ACTIVITIES
    VARIOUS ACTIVITIES
    In addition to his clinical work, he translated and authored numerous articles and books on the stories of the Catholic saints. He also served as the chief editor of the Catholic Newspaper.
  • TOGETHER WITH MONSIGNOR GHIKA
    TOGETHER WITH MONSIGNOR GHIKA
    1933 Monsignor Ghika, whom Fr. Totsuka had known while in Paris, came to Japan and the two were reunited.
  • THE BUILDING WHERE FR. TOTSUKA DIED(AN OLD NURSING DORMITORY)
    THE BUILDING WHERE FR. TOTSUKA DIED(AN OLD NURSING DORMITORY)
    1939年 (Showa 14) Fr. Totsuka passes away at the young age of 47 without seeing the completion of Sakuramachi Hospital.
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 今から約70年前、東京都小金井市(当時東京府北多摩郡小金井町大字小金井)に木造建築の桜町病院(呼吸器科・精神科)が建ちました。

 当時は、貧しい人々が病気になると、その生活は緊迫し、特に当時日本で国民病といわれていた結核は、長い間 国民死因順位の首位を占め、ひとたび感染すると、特効薬もなく、安静、大気療法、栄養補給等による以外治療法もなく、罹患した時には悲惨でした。伝染が恐れられ、人々から隔離され、家族さえも近づくのをためらいました。


 その悲惨な状況に置かれていた人々を助けようと医師でありカトリック司祭だった戸塚文卿師は心血を注いで理想の病院の建設のために働きました。

 彼は1892年(明治25年)海軍軍医総監を父に、横須賀で誕生しました。暁星中学校、一高、東大医学部を首席で卒業し、1921年文部省から命じられ、国費留学生として、北海道帝国大学助教授の身分で渡仏し、パリのパスツール研究所で組織学を研究中、あるシスタ―との出会いから、カトリック司祭として生きることへの使命を強く感じ、彼の生涯について衝撃的転回をはかりました。

 彼はパリで神学の勉強をし、教皇の特別許可を得てカトリックの司祭となって帰国し、結核患者さんのために救済活動を開始して、その燃えるような熱意で周囲の人々を巻き込んでいき、多くの賛同者によって後援会も組織されました。品川に『聖ヨハネ汎愛医院』を、次に結核保養施設として『ナザレト・ハウス』を開設し、2年後九十九里浜に移転し、のちにそれを病院組織として『海上寮』と改称しました。やがて海上寮では入院希望者が多く、更に大きな病院を彼らのために建設したいと切望し、東京の土地購入のための現地視察、資金調達など、まさに超人的な働きの毎日で、神学校の教授、著作活動、カトリック新聞の編集長、教区の重要は役目など、長年の過労が重なり、度々の心臓発作にたおれ、桜町病院の着工にこぎつけたものの、病院の完成を見ず、ついに1939年8月17日(昭和14年)、カトリック司祭として14年間の生涯を終え、47歳でその霊魂を神に返しました。

年表
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Father Bunkei Totsuka: A Pioneer for Christian Medical Social Work in Japan



Fr. Bunkei Totsuka was one of the most influential people for our founder Fuku Okamura and later to our congregation through her.

Bunkei was born in Yokosuka, Kanagawa in 1892 as the first child to Kankai Totsuka a Surgeon General of the Imperial Navy and Hana, whose grandfather was a friend of Bunkai, Bunkei’s grandfather. Ten years later his father was stationed in Sasebo, where Bunkei stayed until he finished his primary education. Then he moved back to Tokyo to enter a boarding school called Ecole de l’Etoile du Matin established by Marist missionaries. He soon learned French and did quite well in school. In fact he was the top student in the fourth year.

Yet, he had no interest in Christian faith. On snowy days he would make snow balls and hit the figure of St. Joseph on the campus with them. That was the only disappointment which his teachers had with him.

By then his parents were also back in Tokyo and lived in Shinagawa. Bunkei hadn’t seen his father for a while. When he went home to spend a winter break with the family and he saw his father rapidly aging (Kankai married late), he was filled with sadness and anxiety. Even after he returned to the boarding school, he contemplated on life and death. One morning he disclosed his anxiety about death to one of his teachers. Thinking Bunkei had finally come to gain a religious perspective, the teacher told him, “Faith is grace. Study catechism and pray hard.”

Soon afterwards Bunkei came to learn catechism from Fr. Fumerclaude in French to prepare for baptism. But he wasn’t baptized until he went to the First High School, the most competitive state high school in Tokyo, because his father would not allow Bunkei to become a Christian.

While in high school Bunkei consulted about his baptism with Fr. Turpin (of the Society of Foreign Missions of Paris) at Azabu Church. The Father said, “Your father is that of flesh. I am your father by spirit, therefore I will baptize you.” With these words, Bunkei decided to be baptized. He asked Soichi Iwashita, a friend who was four years his senior in school, to be his godfather and he was baptized by Fr. Turpin in 1909. He was given the name St. Vincent de Paul.

Upon graduating from the First High School, he was permitted to enter the Medical School of the Tokyo Imperial University (now the University of Tokyo) in 1912, and graduated from the medical school with honors in 1916. He worked in the university hospital while teaching in a medical school in Tokyo until he was appointed to a professorship in Hokkaido Imperial University in 1921.

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However, soon after his appointment to Hokkaido University, the Ministry of Education sent him to study in Pasteur Institute, Paris. While in France he went to England one summer as suggested by his friend Soichi, and visited a Franciscan convent St. Gabriel’s in Cold Ash, Berkshire where he met a young nun. Talking with her, he was struck by God’s voice sounding in his ears and heart like a thunder. It was there that he made a dramatic turn in his life. He heard the call to the priesthood. He was given a vision that someday he would build a Catholic hospital in Japan as a House of God to work there to heal the sick and care for their souls.

Naturally his parents were disappointed to hear of Bunkei’s decision. They expected their son to become a leading medical doctor and teach in a prestigious medical school as the previous generations of the family had always done.

Bunkei changed his course and studied Latin and philosophy from Fr. Corato in London to prepare for ordination. At the same time he was also designing a community of service called the "Le Bon Samaritan" with a group of friends. The mission of this community was evangelism by incorporating medicine and social work. That community came to fruit in Japan.

While he was studying theology in Paris he met Prince Vladimir Ghika. Soon they became good friends. Ghika at the time was partly involved in the conception and preparation of the Bon Samaritan. In 1924, Bunkei was ordained a priest at Grand Seminaire Saint-Surplice in the vicinity of Paris, one year after Prince Ghika was ordained.

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Bunkei returned to Japan with a great determination to build a hospital of love and prayer in Tokyo. In 1925 immediately after his return he embarked on founding St. John’s Bon’ai Clinic in Shinagawa, Tokyo and started his work as doctor and priest while assembling people who would be willing to take part in his project from all walks of life, women or men. Inspired by his enthusiasm many people, including Fuku Okamura, supported him and worked together for the sick with formidable dedication. In 1929 he also launched the Nazareth House, a tuberculosis sanatorium for youth.

In addition to his clinical and pastoral work, he translated as well as authored numerous articles and books on the stories of Catholic saints. He also served as the chief editor of the Catholic Newspaper, professor at the Catholic Seminary in the Archdiocese of Tokyo, and the director of the International Catholic Hospital of St. Mary.

In 1932 he moved his clinic to Nishi-koyama to expand his work. Two years later, a church was built next to the clinic. Now his clinic and the church had really became a House of God.


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In 1933 the now Monsignor Ghika came to Japan with three Carmelite sisters to help them found a congregation here. He visited Bunkei in his clinic. The two of them enjoyed their reunion talking about their memories in Paris and sharing their mission and vision. That was the time Fuku Okamura was introduced to and healed by Msgr. Ghika.

All the projects Bunkei launched were going well even though suffering from an occasional deficit. He then passionately embarked on establishing the hospital of his dream. He was busy with searching for the location, raising funds, planning and organizing for the new hospital in addition to his usual work where he was already overloaded. Finally the continuous overwork caught up with him. He had a series of heart attacks. The construction of the hospital had begun, but he never saw it finished. On 17 August 1939 aged 47, Fr. and Dr. Bunkei Totsuka completed his life devoted to the sick and poor. Sakuramachi Hospital was completed only two months after his death. Though Fr. Totsuka could not see the hospital of his dream accomplished, his vision and work was succeeded by Mother Fuku Okamura and her congregation. After tuberculosis was brought under control in Japan, Sakuramachi Hospital, the great legacy of Bunkei Totsuka, grew into a community hospital and has actively served its neighborhood to this day.

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Fr. Totsuka had always sought to create a devoted community for the vulnerable who practice love. Christ himself lived beyond the border of gender, race, occupation and the cleric. His idea about such community exceeded the paradigm of his time. It still gives inspiration to our congregation.
「わたしに仕えようとする者は、わたしに従え。そうすれば、わたしのいるところに、わたしに仕える者もいることになる。わたしに仕える者がいれば、父はその人を大切にしてくださる。」 ヨハネ12:26Whoever serves me must follow me; and where I am, my servant also will be. My Father will honor the one who serves me. John 12:26