聖ヨハネ会St. John's Congregation

福音史家聖ヨハネ布教修道会The Missionary Sisters of St. John the Evangelist

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戸塚文卿師Fr. Bunkei Totsuka
ギカ師Monsignor Vladimir Ghika
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モンセニョール・ウラジミール・ギカ師

MONSIGNOR VLADIMIR GHIKA

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    モンセニョール・ウラジミール・ギカ師

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    1933初めて日本にいらっしゃいました。

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    1936年に又日本にいらっしゃいました。
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    戸塚文卿師と一緒に

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    戸塚文卿師や、岡村ふくとご家族と一緒に

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    1954年にブカレストの収容所で亡くなりました。

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    Monsignor Vladimir Ghika

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    First came to Japan in 1933.

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    Came again to Japan in 1936.

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    Together with Fr. Bunkei Totsuka.

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    Together with Fr. Bunkei Totsuka and Mother Fuku Okamura, father and brother.

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    The internment camp in Bucharest where he died in 1954.

ギカ師はルーマニア出身の司祭、使徒、神秘家、慈善・福祉事業家、殉教者で、現在列福調査が進められています。桜町病院の創立者戸塚文卿師は、留学先のパリでギカ師と出会い、大きな感化を受けて帰国しました。そのウラジミール・ギカ師とはどのような方だったのでしょうか。

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年号
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1873
コンスタンチノープルで生まれ、ギリシャ正教会で受洗。父はブカレストの国防・外務大臣、祖父はモルダビアの最後の国王でした。母の祖先はロシアに移住したフランス人で、ギカは「5才の時から神の現存の感情を失ったことはないー母の霊的教育のお陰で」と後述しています。トウールーズとパリで成長し、教育を受け、文学、科学、法学、医学、哲学、芸術とあらゆる面で才能を発揮しました。24才からローマに留学、既に数年前から内面的にはカトリック者でしたが、
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1902
29才の時、ローマの聖サビナ・バシリカで正式にカトリックへ転籍しました。ルーマニアのカトリック慈善事業の創始者となり、聖ビンセンシオ・ア・パウロの愛徳姉妹会をブカレストに招聘して、慈善、福祉、福音宣教の活動を展開しました。
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1907
ルーマニア農民一揆の犠牲者を救うため、救援隊を組織し、顔に火傷を負ったある男性の皮膚移植のために、自分の皮膚と肉の一部を提供しました。
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1913
コレラ流行のとき、医療団と愛徳姉妹たちとともに活躍して、叙勲を受けました。
第一次世界大戦中は、前線の負傷兵、ローマ療養所の結核患者、地震の犠牲者のための救助活動を行い、戦後はパリで使徒的活動、文学・芸術活動を展開しました。ギカは司祭への召命を感じながらもためらっていたところ、ある女性神秘家から「 あなたが捧げるたった一度のミサはどんな善い活動よりも、無限の価値があります」と助言されて決心がつき、
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1923
49才の時、パリで司祭に叙階されました。(パリ大司教区所属)同年、教皇の認可を得て、宣教援助会である「聖ヨハネ兄弟姉妹会」を創立しました。
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1931
教皇ピオ11世から「教皇庁書記長」の称号で、東方典礼奉仕、世界各国の要人と交わる使命を授けられて、モンセニョール(特別な高位聖職者の称号)と呼ばれます。
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1933
来日、この時3人のカルメル会修道女を引率し、これが女子カルメル会東京修道院の創立となりました。また昭和天皇陛下に謁見して祝福し、パリで親交のあった戸塚文卿師(1924年パリで司祭に叙階され、1925年に帰国し、聖ヨハネ汎愛医院と西小山教会で活躍中)と再会、西小山教会でギカ師がホーリークラウン(キリストの茨の冠の一片)によって信者を祝福した一瞬、歩行困難だった岡村ふくの足が突然治ったと言われています。
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1939
(第二次世界大戦中)ポーランドからの難民救済のため、ルーマニアに帰国し、大戦後ソビエトに占領されたブカレストに留まりました。
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1952
バチカンのスパイというかどで逮捕され、恐ろしい拷問を受けて、ルーマニア共産政府の裁判にかけられ、ブカレストの収容所に投獄されました。獄中、空腹の人にはわずかな自分の食事を分け与え、衰弱にも拘らず、自分の回りに平和をまき、仲間の囚人たちに福音を説き、世界中のよもやま話をして慰め、聖人と慕われていました。
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1954517
牢獄で自分を捧げ尽くして帰天しました。80才でした。
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1989
共産主義支配の幕が閉じられ、ルーマニアのキリスト教会は40年ぶりに解放され、ギカ師の功績に光が当てられて、カトリック教会挙げての列福運動が進められています。
What kind of person was this Monsignor Vladimir Ghika whom Fr. Bunkei Totsuka - the founder of Sakuramachi Hospital, was so greatly inspired by whilst studying in Paris and upon his return to Japan?
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Born in Constantinople on 25th December 1873 he was baptized into the Greek Orthodox Church. Mons. Ghika’s father was the Defense and Foreign Affairs Minister of Bucharest at the time. His grandfather, Gregory Ghika 5th, was the last reigning Prince of the Principality of Moldavia. His mother’s ancestors were French who had emigrated to Russia. Due to his mother’s spiritual education it is said that he always felt the presence of God from the very early age of 5. He grew up and was educated in Toulouse and Paris and showed talents in all aspects of literature, science, law, medicine, philosophy, and the arts. From the age of 24 he studied in Rome and was already internally a Catholic. His mother totally opposed the idea.

However, in 1902 at the age of 29 and against many people’s wishes he was officially baptized into the Catholic Church at the Basilica of St. Sabina. Thereafter, he founded the first Catholic charity in Romania and sought to expand his welfare and evangelical activities by inviting the Daughters of Charity of Saint Vincent de Paul to Bucharest to join him.
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To save victims of the 1907 Peasants' Revolt, Mons. Ghika organized a rescue party and even offered some of his own skin and flesh for a skin transplant for a man who had received burns to his face.

In 1913 he was decorated as a result of his work with medical teams and the Sisters of Charity during the outbreak of Cholera. And during the First World War he attended to those on the front line and worked for those in a tuberculosis sanatorium in Rome. He also took an active part in the rescue and relief operations of the victims of the devastating Avezzano earthquake in the Abruzzo. Following the war, he took up apostolic works and expanded his literary and artistic activities in Paris. At a time when he was trying to decide upon whether to respond to an interior call to the priesthood a woman mystic suggested that: “One Mass said was worth more than any other activities which you may undertake”. Soon after that, at the age of 50 (1923) he was ordained a priest and began serving as pastor of a dejected working-class parish in the vicinity of Paris, Villejuif. The following year, after receiving Holy See approval, he founded the Society of the Brothers and Sisters of St. John.

Later on in 1931, given his works and the the reputation of dedication he had earned in the service of the Church, Pope Pius XI named him Protonotarius Apostolicus. In that capacity Monsignor Vladimir Ghika took part in a variety of missions worldwide, from the Congo to South America and Japan, notably on the occasion of the Eucharistic Congresses of Sydney, Carthage, Dublin, Buenos Aires, Manila and Budapest.
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In 1933, he brought 3 Carmelite sisters to Japan and established the first Tokyo female Carmelite Congregation. Whilst in Japan he had an audience with Emperor Showa and blessed him. He was also reunited with Fr. Totsuka whom he had been acquainted with whilst the latter was in Paris. Fr. Totsuka who had been ordained in Paris in 1924 and returned to Japan in 1925 was at the time working at St. John’s Han'ai Clinic and the Nishikoyama Church. It is said that on an occasion Mother Okamura who had had difficulty walking was instantly cured when Mons. Ghika blessed her with a fragment of Christ’s crown of thorns.
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In 1939 Mons. Ghika returned to Romania in order to help Polish refugees and following the war he remained in Budapest which at the time was occupied by the Soviet Union.

In 1952 he was arrested and endued horrendous interrogation on suspicion of being a Vatican spy. He was put on trial by the Romania's communist government and imprisoned in a camp in Bucharest. Despite his weakness he gave his own meager rations to his fellow prisoners. Whilst preaching the gospel to the other prisoners he talked about his worldly adventures and instilled upon them a sense of peace and consolation. Having exhausted himself he died in prison on 17th May (medical certificate states 16th) at the age of 80.
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Communist control of Romania ended in 1989 and the Church was freed after 40 years of oppression. Since then, light has shone upon Mons. Ghika’s achievements and his beatification cause is currently proceeding.